Hormones and Contraception Part 2
This page describes a Qedoc learning module or quiz entitled "Hormones and Contraception Part 2". You can download the module from this page to put on your computer. You can also launch the module straight off the web using the launch quiz link on the right-hand side of this page. Another way to access this quiz is to install the Qedoc Quiz Player and bring up its directory of downloadable quizzes. Whichever way you choose to use it, it's free.
This module may contain medicine-related material. Please refer to our medical disclaimer.
This pharmacology module is suitable for tertiary level studies.
The module contains the following activities:
- All Questions
- Combined Oral Pill
- Mini Pill
- Morning After Pill
- Side Effects
The following is a short sample of the questions in this module and may help to better assess the level, topic and suitability of the material for your purposes. Images are omitted and the questions may not make complete sense without the context of the interactive answer activities which follow them in the module. To best preview this module, click the launch link at the top right of this page.
- The progestogen-only pill is taken daily without interruption. The mode of action is primarily on the cervical mucus, which is made inhospitable to sperm. The progestogen probably also hinders implantation through its effect on the endometrium and on the motility and secretions of the fallopian tubes The drugs used in progestogen-only pills include ..?
- Unwanted effects of oestrogens include tenderness in the breasts, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, retention of salt and water with resultant oedema, and increased risk of thromboembolism.
- In the 1960’s it was found that oestrogen causes blood clotting in veins by increasing factors involved in blood clotting. Dose was reduced dose from 50 to 35 to 20mcg
- There are two main types of oral contraceptives: combinations of an oestrogen with a progestogen (the combined pill) and progestogen alone (the progestogen-only pill).
- Selective drugs that are oestrogen agonists in some tissues but antagonists in others are being developed. One such drug used to treat and prevent osteoporosis is.. .?
- Oestrogens mechanism of action involves interaction with nuclear receptors (termed ERα or ERβ) in target tissues, resulting in modification of gene transcription.
- The endogenous oestrogens are oestradiol (the most potent), oestrone and oestriol; there are numerous exogenous synthetic forms (e.g. ethinylestradiol).
- The pill is available as a: mini pill of progesterone, combined pill of oestrogen and progesterone, implants/injections, “morning-after” pill
- The morning after pill mechanism is unclear. It may mechanism unclear prolong ovulation, prevent implantation, inhibition of sperm transport
- Mifepristone is used, in combination with a prostaglandin (e.g.gemeprost), as a medical alternative to surgical termination of pregnancy.
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- Not so easy: click the download link at the bottom of the "quick facts" box and the module's ZIP file will download to your desktop. To actually use this, however, you must move it to the /player/modplay subdirectory of whichever directory the Qedoc software is installed in (usually /programme files/qedoc).
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